SWAMEDIKASI PADA PENDERITA COVID-19 MENJALANKAN ISOLASI MANDIRI DI WILAYAH JAKARTA PADA TAHUN 2021
COVID-19 or Coronavirus disease 2019 is a pandemic in the end of 2019. Currently, several studies for the therapy of COVID-19 have been carried out, but specific drugs that have been proven effective and safe to treat it do not available yet. Self medication is expected to reduce the severity of sufferers and also spreading of COVID-19 in Indonesia. Patient without symptoms or mild symptons can self isolated and do self medication. Patients with self medication can use drugs to treat symptoms, immune boosting drugs, such as multivitamin or herbal medicines. The purpose of this study is to find out the illustration of Jakarta's self medication pattern for COVID-19 patients who are self-isolating in 2021. This study aims to describe the pattern of self-medication in self-isolated COVID-19 patients in the Jakarta area in 2021. This research uses quantitative descriptive. The technique uses purposive sampling and gets 100 respondens. The data collection is collected by making questioners and analysed by univariat. From the results of data processing, it is known that the tests carried out by PCR Swab were 49 people (69%). The symptoms felt were fever as much as 22.3%. The drug consumed is paracetamol by 45.1%. The supplements consumed were vitamin C by 38.7%. Sources of information are friends/family by 61.4%. The place to get medicines/supplements/traditional medicines is pharmacies by 40% (38 people).
Badan POM. (2020). Informatorium Obat Covid-19 di Indonesia Edisi 2. Jakarta: Badan POM.
Badan Statistik. (2016). Statistik 2015 Jilid I. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.
Chan, J. F. W., Yuan, S., Kok, K. H., To, K. K. W., Chu, H., Yang, J., … Yuen, K. Y. (2020). A familial cluster of pneumonia associated with the 2019 novel coronavirus indicating person-to-person transmission: a study of a family cluster. The Lancet, 395(10223).
Ezzat, S. M., Ezzat, M. I., Okba, M. M., Menze, E. T., & Abdel-Naim, A. B. (2018). The hidden mechanism beyond ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc.) potent in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 214, 113–123.
Hartini YS, & Sulasmono. (2006). Apotek: Ulasan Beserta Naskah Peraturan Perundang-undangan Terkait Apotek. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Universitas Sanata Dharma.
Kassie, A. D., Bifftu, B. B., & Mekonnen, H. S. (2018). Self-medication practice and associated factors among adult household members in Meket district, Northeast Ethiopia, 2017. BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology, 19(1), 15.
Khadka, D., Dhamala, M. K., Li, F., Aryal, P. C., Magar, P. R., Bhatta, S., … Shi, S. (2021). The use of medicinal plants to prevent COVID-19 in Nepal. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 17(1).
Moosavi, S. A., Mashhadiagha, A., Motazedian, N., Hashemazar, A., Hoveidaei, A. H., & Bolignano, D. (2020). COVID?19 clinical manifestations and treatment strategies among solid?organ recipients: A systematic review of cases. Transplant Infectious Disease, 22(6).
Nasir, M., Chowdhury, A. S. M. S., & Zahan, T. (2020). Self-medication during COVID-19 outbreak: a cross sectional online survey in Dhaka city. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology, 9(9), 1325.
Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia. Nomor 51 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pekerjaan Kefarmasian pasal 1 ayat 1.
Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia et. all. (2020). Pedoman Tatalaksana Covid-19 Edisi 2. Jakarta.
Quispe-Cañari, J. F., Fidel-Rosales, E., Manrique, D., Mascaró-Zan, J., Huamán-Castillón, K. M., Chamorro–Espinoza, S. E., … Mejia, C. R. (2021). Self-medication practices during the COVID-19 pandemic among the adult population in Peru: A cross-sectional survey. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 29(1).
Ruiz, M. (2010). Risks of Self-Medication Practices. Current Drug Safety.
Satuan Tugas Penanganan COVID-19. (n.d.). Peta Sebaran.
Sugiyono. (2014). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta.
Swaesti, E. (2020). COVID-19: Buku Pedoman Pencegahan dan Penanganan Corona Virus. Yogyakarta: Javaliteria.
WHO. (2020). COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic.
WHO. (2020a). Pertanyaan dan Jawaban Terkait Coronavirus.
WHO. (2020b). WHO Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Dashboard.
WHO. (2020c). WHO Indonesia Situation Report-7.
World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19).
Yusra, Y., & Pangestu, N. (2020). Pemeriksaan Laboratorium pada Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Medica Hospitalia : Journal of Clinical Medicine, 7(1A), 304–319.
Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Ilmiah Ibnu Sina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.